Umrah has immense value and rewards in Islam. It is placed gracefully on a level of spiritual purity for any Muslim. However, Umrah is not an imperative obligation for Muslims; it is really Sunnat-e-muwaqada for them. Umrah is a sacred act that the Prophet Muhammad did twice in his life.
On many levels, Umrah looks like Hajj. Due to this reason, before going to Hajj, a pilgrim needs a previous Umrah. However, it can be done at any time throughout the year.
According to Islamic traditions,there are innumerable rewards for the one who takes Umrah. These rewards are mentioned in the Qur’an and in the Traditions of the Holy Prophet PBUH. However, the rewards are for those who perform Umrah or Hajj correctly. The Prophet PBUH was asked about what good works are; to what He said, the greatest struggle that is Jehad. However, Hazrat Abu Hurairah asks about what follows.He replied: he accepted Hajj and Umrah.
In addition, the PBUH prophet explained the importance of Umrah in Bukhari # 1773 by saying: “Hajj and Umrah accepted have no other rewards except Paradise.” Umrah is known for taking away sins. The prophet PBUH narrated why Umrah is an apology for every sin, “Umrah is an expiation for the sins committed between this and the next,and hajj, which is accepted, will receive no reward other than Paradise.”[Muslim].
However, when Ayesha, the mother of all Muslim loyalists, questioned the Messenger: “Messenger of Allah, is there jihad for women?” To which the Prophet replied: Yes, there is a jihad over them, there are no fights involved in him, Hajj. and Umrah.”[Ibn Majah] # 3013.
It is a fact that there are innumerable blessings of Umrah for all Muslims. The whole trip helps purify the soul and spirit of each Muslim. This is the power of the rewards of Umrah that inspires Muslims around the world to visit the House of Allah.
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Umrah And Types Of Umrah
“Oh, Allah! Please give all of us a chance to visit your beautiful house”
Umrah is the lesser pilgrimage and the most sacred act. It is a beautiful worship and has great wisdom and purpose behind it, which is to submit to God and acknowledge that all we have the grace of God is upon us. Therefore, we must fully abide by God and must not attach to earthly things.
For our prophets, performing Umrah is the most delicious ritual, and now this worship is performed by millions of Muslims. The majority of Muslims come to Mecca and perform Umrah. It is a spiritual journey that has many rewards in this world and the Here after. The performance of Umrah will renew your soul and mind and will purify you from the inside.
The Prophet ﷺ said:
“Umrah is the atonement of all sins”
Types of Umrah:
There are two types of Umrah.
This type of Umrah is independent of Hajj. You can do this Umrah at any time during the year.
The Umrah that is performed in conjunction with Hajj in the month of Zil-Hajj is known as Umrah-ul-Tammatu.
The congregation of all Muslims in Makkah for this sacred act of Umrah portrays unity among Muslims around the world. Muslims of different races, different nations and who speak different languages come together in a single platform to perform this same act of obedience and also have the opportunity to socialize with other Muslims.Strengthens the feeling of brotherhood, harmony and good will among Muslims. It makes Muslims sympathetic and impartial to each other. Therefore, this delightful journey of Umrah spiritually purifies Muslims and brings together the entire Ummah. As we all know, the meaning and value of Unity in Islam. It was narrated in Surat Al-Imran.
“And hold fast all together by the rope which Allah (stretches out for you) and be not divided among yourselves; and remember with gratitude Allah’s favor on you; for ye were enemies and He joined your hearts in love so that by His grace ye became brethren; and ye were on the brink of the pit of fire and He saved you from it.Thus doth Allah make his signs clear to you: that ye may be guided”. (Verse013, Al-i-Imran).
Tawaf and Types of Tawaf
Tawaf is circling the Holy Ka’abah seven times, starting from Hajr-e-Aswad (the black stone around a corner of Ka’abah) counterclockwise. Each circumambulation is completed when a person returns to Hajr-e-Aswad. If possible, a person should approach to touch or kiss Hajr-e-Aswad, if not, he can simply point to him with his right hand.
After completing the circumambulation seven times, a person must continue to move counterclockwise until they reach their exit point.
Types of Tawaf:
There are seven types of Tawaf;
It is done when a person arrives in Mecca, whether for Hajj, Umrah, business or a visit. It is also called Welcome Tawaf. It is the sunnah for Aafaaqi (who lives outside Makkah) who performs the Hajj Ifraad or the hajj Qiraan and is not a Sunnah for those who perform the Hajj Tammatu or the Umrah even if they are an Aafaqi.
Aisha said: “The first thing the Prophet (ﷺ) did when he arrived in Mecca was the ablution and then he performed the Tawaf of the Ka’ba and that was not ‘Umra (alone), (but Hajj-al-Qiran) ”
It is also called Tawaf-ul-Rukn or Tawaf-ul-Hajj. It is performed by all the pilgrims who are performing the Hajj. This Tawaaf is obligatory. Hajj would be invalid, if it is not done. It can be done from the dawn of the 10th Zil Haj to the 12th Zil Haj.
It is a farewell Tawaaf and is performed as a final Hajj ritual when a pilgrim leaves Mecca. It is wajib. The Prophet ﷺ said: “Let none of you leave Makkah before doing a Tawaf around the Ka’abah, like the last of the Hajj rites”
Tawaf-ul-Nafl is an optional tawaaf, but it is better than performing a nafl salaat. It can be done at any time and as desired. Do Tawafas much as you can, when you are in Makkah because this privilege cannot be obtained anywhere in the world.
Tawaf-ul-Umrah is a part of Umrah and is performed as a ritual of Umrah. It is obligatory for the one who performs the Umrah.
If a person committed to perform Tawaaf if Allah fulfills his wish. So, he must have to perform this Tawaf if Allah fulfills that desire.
It is done when a person enters Haram. Tawaf-ul-Tahiyaah is Mustahib.
After Tawaaf, the person has to offer two units behind Maqam-e-Ibrahim (if possible, otherwise they can offer that two-unit prayer any where in the mosque).